Translations

KARATE TERMS WITH PRONUNCIATION AND MEANING:

General Terms:
barraki grading
dan (dan) grade
dachi (daw-chee) stance

damashi i (daw-maw-shee) fighting spirit

dojo (doe-joe) practice hall

geri (gay-ree) kick

hara (haw-raw) center of body

iai-uchi (I-oo-chee) mutual striking

ippon kumite (ipp-on koo-me-tay) one step sparring

jyu kumite (jer koo-me-tay) free style sparring

karate (kaw-raw-tay) empty hand

karate-do (kaw-raw-tay doe) the way of karate

kata (kaw-taw) forms

kempo (kem-poe) law of the fist

kiai (key-I) harmonization of body, mind, and spirit

kime (key-may) focus

kumite (koo-me-tay) sparring

makiwara (maw-key-wan-raw) punching board

mushin empty mind

sensei (sen-say)~ honourable teacher (reflection of the past)

Shorin Damashii ji spirit of the Shaolin Temple

Shorin Ryu way of the Shaolin Temple

shiai (shee-l) tournament

uke (oo-kay) block

waza (wah-zaw) techniques

zuki (zoo-key) punch

 

Parts of the Body:

empi (em-pee) elbow

hiza (hee-zaw) knee

ken (ken) fist

kokato (koe-kah-toe) heel

koshi (koe-shee) ball of foot

seiken (see-ken) forefist

sokuto (so-koo-toe) knife edge of foot

te (tay) hand

ude (oo-day) forearm

uraken (oo-raw-ken) backfist


Kicks:

kaegi (kay-ee-gi) snap

kekomi (keh-koe-me) thrust

mae geri (my gay-ree) front kick

mawashi geri (mah-wah-shee gay ree) roundhouse kick

tobi geri (toe-bee gay-ree) flying kick

ushiro geri (oo-shee-row gay-ree) back kick

yoko geri (yo-ko gay-ree) side kick


Punches and Strikes:

akmano seiken zuki (ack-man-o see-ken zoo-key) double forefist punch gyaku zuki

(yah-koo zoo-key) reverse punch

haito (hi-ee-toe) ridge hand

ippon ken (ipp-on ken) single knuckle fist

ippon nukite (ipp-on noo-key-tay) singlepoint spearhand

ippon seiken zuki (ipp-on see-ken zoo-key) single forefist punch

kagi zuki (kaw-gee zoo-key) hook punch

morote zuki (mow-row-tay zoo-key) side by side punch

nukite (noo-key-tay) spear hand

oi zuki (oy zoo-key) thrust punch

sandan seiken zuki (san-dan see-ken zoo-key) triple forefist punch

shuto uchi (shoo-toe 00-chee) knifehand strike

tate zuki (tah-tay zoo-key) vertical punch teisho uchi

(tie-snow oo-chee) palm heel strike tettsui (tet-soo-ee) hammer fist

tsuki (soo-key) palm-up strike

yama zuki (yah-mah zoo-key) over and under double punch


Stances:

hachiji dachi (haw-chee daw-shee) natural stance

ippon ashi dachi (ippon ash-ee daw-shee) one-leg stance

kiba dachi (key-bah daw-shee) straddle stance

kokutsu dachi (ko-koot-soo daw-shee) back stance

kosa dachi (ko-sah daw-shee) transition stance

neko-ashi dachi (neck-o aw-shee daw-shee) cat stance

quoiski (ko-ee-skee) attention stance

zenkutsu dachi (zen-koot-soo daw-shee) forward stance

Blocks:

chudan soto uke (choo-dan so-to oo-kay) outside middle block

chudan uchi uke (choo-dan oo-chee oo-kay) inside middle block

gedan barai (gay-dan bah-rye) low sweeping block

jodan uke (joe-dan oo-kay) upper block

mawashi uke (mah-wah-shee oo-kay) circular block

morote so-uke (mow-row-tay so-00-kay) reinforced block

Numbers:

Ichi one
Ni two
San three
Shi four
Go five
Roku six
Shichi seven
Hachi eight
Ku nine
Ju ten